Encounter with The Culture

Growing up poor in the 80’s in a small village with no electricity somewhere at the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre then), I didn’t know what television was till I was about eight or nine years old. My grandfather’s small radio operating with batteries, which I pounded gently and exposed to sun rays for recharge (miracles of science!), was my only source of music entertainment. I remember the distorted sounds of soucousse, rumba, zouk machine, reggae, funk, and pop due to bad reception when my granddad wasn’t listening to the News about wars ravaging almost every part of Africa. I don’t recall listening to any Hip Hop music back then. My most memorable encounter with Hip Hop was right after the end of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda when I moved to Brazzaville, the capital city of the other Congo. For the first time, we had a TV set at home. I was finally able to put faces to some of the familiar vocals that rocked my eardrums. I began to connect the pieces. For instance, watching Michael Jackson’s play with his zipper in his dance routines answered the question “Who’s bad?” The more I paid attention to details in the music videos, the more I realized the influence of television on my surrounding.

For the couple of years that I attended a private school in Brazzavile, somehow I ended up in the circle of cool kids. Cool kids are those who want to look like stars on TV and who other kids want to emulate, you know! I didn’t grow up with what they had. They wore t-shirts with Hip Hop legends on them, didn’t button their shirts, sagged their pants, wore boots or fresh sneakers on the regular. Some of them would clip fake earrings on their lobes and put on a US flag bandanna to look exactly like their idols. Those kids were also called branchés (plugged in or connected). They read comic books, magazines on music, sports, played basketball in the streets and talked a lot about rap and movies. They had interests. I did not have much. I was a shabby boy from the village who couldn’t speak their language. Some of them sang along to French rap songs. I could barely articulate my needs to go to the bathroom in class. On the other hand, my English was almost nonexistent. It’s only recently that I realized Dr. Dre didn’t say “wawawess” in California Love but “Wild Wild West”. But I didn’t care. Nobody cared. And that’s exactly what I loved about this art form. The I-don’t-give-a-fuck-as-long-as-it-feels-good attitude.

With time I developed a certain thirst about the content of the music. I needed to know why black people were angry and why they used more words on a standard song than anybody else. I had to learn the language. I studied over time, used TV and radio as more as learning tools than entertainment sources. Beyond speaking French, and English later, I wanted to understand the lyrical content of rap songs. Luckily some music magazines included posters of celebrities with lyrics of their hit songs in their issues. But again, I did not have the level to comprehend. I could only grasp a few words after cross-checking with my pocket dictionary. For the slang, I had to wait till the early 2000’s with the availability of the Internet in Rwanda to do my own researches about the meaning of some songs. That helped me a lot improve my English as well. Soon, I was hooked and started writing to myself in a journal format. Then somehow I stumbled upon rhymes, today they call me a Hip Hop Poet.

I have consumed more Hip Hop culture than any of my African cultures without moving from the continent and I have come to realize that Hip Hop goes beyond the beat, the dance, the graffiti, the dressing, the hair styles, the gestures, the slang… it is the most influential culture of our time. It’s too present, too loud, too bright and so versatile it can’t be contained. Right now somewhere in a deep villages, kids with no shoes on are rhyming on a bucket beat.
Africa has thousands of Hip Hop heads, MC’s, producers, dancers, etc who have been influenced by The Culture and are now redefining their continent with the same fire the pioneers started with. I am happy to know that many are doing it justice.
Hip Hop is alive.


Powa 254 - 1key
Iyadede Sabrina (on the guitar) & 1key jamming at Pawa254, Nairobi, Kenya.

The System is a Rapist

Bad news bad boys, no Happy New year for you because #MenAreTrash. Apparently I shouldn’t be saying that and should instead say #IamTrash because apparently there is a good 0.1% of good men out there. But that means you would agree that there is a lot of trash in our system(s). If you think trash is a strong word, let’s go with “prejudice towards women” in general. I look at my chats with friends discussing women empowerment and I cannot believe I said the things that I have said. Or the sheer fact that I believed I was right and entitled to think so. My killer line used to be “If women spend as many hours working as men, who will take care of the kids?” While I would be labelled sexist by feminists, many men would cheer for me. You could be the most feminist man on the planet but there are things your system cannot understand about being a woman simply because you are not one. So I’m not going to be pretentious and claim that I do but for what it’s worth I like spending time listening to their stories. For the past few months I have been paying attention to few Rwandan women that I met, especially female artists – young, amateurs, professional, legends – and I was speechless to have a glimpse of the amount of prejudice, injustice, disrespect they endure on a daily basis. I couldn’t help but ask, “What do you think is the reason men treat so badly the same women who carry them into this life then look after them their lifetime?” The answer was a question. “Why don’t you ask men that?” Now how do I ask men who are “always right?” “Always working hard day and night to put food in the kitchen when all the women can do is boil and fry the food?” “Men who fight other men over territories to provide a safe haven for their women and children?” So the other day I burst the bubble by tapping into the Rwandan culture. The culture of rape to be precise.

This is something I only realized this year by interviewing old women in rural areas. I learned that our grandmothers were forced to marry at a young age. As young as twelve years old through rituals that were designed to blind their perceptions of reality in order to take advantage of them. Of course this is my current realization and interpretation of what I learned. You are entitled to your own opinion. I will talk loosely of marriage and sex practices. For instance, I learned that the sisters and friends of the young bride-to-be had to sing sad songs to make her cry on her wedding day but this was crafted to make the ritual seem like she was sad to leave her family but a truth that we were not told is that she was a child terrified to death to forcefully marry a man she had never met before and who probably was already married to three, four, six, ten or more other wives acquired through the same process. Yes acquired is the word. Let’s be honest, that dowry is not as sacred or symbolic as it seems. It’s strictly business. The groom was buying. And if you know the phrase “Sinagukoye se?” (Did I not pay to have you?) is still used in Rwandan homes when a woman tries to rebel in her home. A reminder that she is a private property. The amount of cows (old form of money) depended on how much the father estimated the beauty of his daughter-to-be-sold. That’s harsh? Think about the act itself.

When it came to sex, rape was scripted in such a way that it became part of the rituals. The newly wed couple would wrestle till the man overpowers the young girl. And that was acceptable. Then you would argue, that cannot be true. What about kunyaza? Why would the man insist on making the woman squirt if he didn’t care? Well, if he cared so much he wouldn’t marry a child, force himself into her and shame her with names like Mukagatare if she did not squirt at all. On the other hand, a man who wouldn’t succeed to have overpower the bride and have sex with her for at least the first three nights was shamed. Then in some cases, his father, more experienced in the matter, would get in the mix to rape the girl and set the example. That too was culturally accepted and called gukazanura.

When I mentioned that we come from a culture of rapists, I got lynched on twitter. I understand we highly think ourselves. Myths have it that some of us are semi gods bla bla bla… maybe that’s where our sense of entitlement comes from. To think we are the epitome of greatness. I get it when feminist stand to fight patriarchy. It is stupid and totally fucked up! But what are you replacing it with? In the end we all know that power corrupts even the best of us. You would think Rwanda, having the highest number of women in parliament all these years and having some of the best rankings with #HeForShe is better suited to reform the patriarch system but guess what? When I tweeted about the insane amount of under-age girls raped while nobody mentioned the rapists’ whereabouts or any social justice procedure, I fell off my chair to learn that the resolution from the parliament, with the highest number of women seats in the world, was to jail any girl who would have sex before she is eighteen. Your men must be proud of you, ladies. You are officially condoning rape and damaging the victims.

However some young woke women have had enough of this shit and are taking the matter in their own hands to seek social justice realizing that as years go by, their scars open wide while sexual predators who had assaulted them roam freely and continue to prey on other women, making new victims.  @My250Tweets which is a collective twitter handle created by a Rwandan woman for the purpose of allowing Rwandans across the world to share their experiences, is being used as a platform to give a voice to rape victims coping with trauma in an insensitive system that does not want to take responsibility.

While I personally know some of the alleged rapists as people whom I drink, play, interact with often; some of them have qualities that I look up to but that does not mean they are incapable of rape. You have heard of pedophile priests, intellectual genocidaires, corrupt leaders… most of these characters actually use their influence commit these crimes.

Article 11: Rwandan culture as a source of home-grown solutions
In order to build the nation, promote national culture and restore dignity, Rwandans, based on their values, initiate home-grown mechanisms to deal with matters that concern them. Laws may establish different mechanisms for home-grown solutions

Our constitution is pro-homegrown solutions. This is how you see fit and there is nothing wrong with it. It’s an upgrade of the traditional courts taken notches up.

“The tendency to aggression is an innate, independent, instinctual disposition in man… it constitutes the powerful obstacle to culture.” – Sigmund Freud

I am not pointing fingers here. All I am saying is that we, men, are weird beings in our nature and we need to keep each other in check. And ladies, please don’t be shy at pointing at those sexist comments, jokes that we make. We won’t know if you don’t tell us your perspectives. Sorry it’s too much work but we are in this life together. I am so sorry for all you have been through as a people.

As for the legal procedure, I am not familiar with how Rwandan police deals with rape cases that are reported a while after the crime has been committed and there is no evidence. But somebody said that absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, right? If your name is dropped, you probably have something to do with it. But obviously anyone accused of rape would defend themselves with phrases like “I didn’t do it.” “I don’t know that woman.” “I have never met that woman.” “We used to date; I didn’t give her the ring. She got mad. Bitches be crazy.”

Now I am just here wondering what is the way forward?

  1. How do you know the victims or the alleged rapists are telling the truth? You put them under the lie detector?
  2. What do the rape victims want to be done for them?
  3. What do the rape victims want to be done to the rapists?
  4. Can one victim’s testimonial be considered as evidence?
  5. Can more than one testimonial be considered as evidence?
  6. What happens if the alleged rapist is proven innocent but their reputation has been damaged?
  7. What happens to the victims whose identity has been publicly revealed?

Truth-folie Yours



Kagarama, Kigali

With Pastor Mpyisi Ezra
  • Muzehe rero nifuzaga ko mwanganiriza ku mateka y’u Rwanda mbere y’ubwigenge… ubwo nukuvuga ku buzima bwanyu mbere ya 1960. Icyo nifuza kumenya cyane ni ibijyanye n’ubwiru. Ese ubundi ubwiru bisobanura iki? Umwiru ni muntu ki?
  • Ubwiru ni ijambo ry’ikinyarwanda risobanura ibanga. Umwiru ni umuntu wabikaga amabanga y’ibwami. Ntawagiraga abiru uretse umwami we nyine.
  • Nigeze kumva ko abiru bakomokaga mu bwoko bw’abatsobe, ni byo?
  • Bakomokogaga mu Bakobwa uretse ko n’abandi bashoboraga kuba abiru.
  • Abakobwa?
  • Oya Abakobwa [soma Abâkoobwa]
  • Abakobwa se ntibabaga muri ya moko numva? Abasinga, abanyiginya…
  • Oya ni igisekuruza. Ntabwo ari ubwoko.
  • Bakomoka kuri nde?
  • Kwa Ndoli, kwa Ndoba.
  • Namenye ko wabaye umwiru, uri umukobwa rero?
  • Yego.
  • Ese umuntu yahindukaga umwiru ate? Ni ibivukanwa?
  • Oya! Uretse umwami ubivukana ibindi ni imirimo.
  • Wambwira ku mirimo yanyu nk’umwiru?
  • Naragiraga inka. Umwiru yari umuntu nk’abandi. Hari igihe yabaga yaragabiwe umusozi cyangwa inka n’umwami naho ubundi yashakisha imibereho ngo atunge umuryango we nk’abandi.
  • Hari amazina y’abandi biru wambwira?
  • Ndabibuka se? Hari umutware witwaga Kayumba wigeze kuba shefu mu Kabagari… Kayumba yari yarabwiwe na Rudahigwa ko Ndahindurwa ari we uzima. Igihe kigeze bati tubwire umwami. Avuga ko ari Kigeli.
  • Kayumba ka Rubibi? Aho ntiwasanga ari sogokuruza?
  • Oya. Ni undi. Yatwaraga i Bumbogo. Yari umutsobe.
  • Hari aho nasomye ku bijyanye n’intambara yo ku Rucunshu ko babanje kwica abiru.
  • Oya. Abega n’Abayiginya baricanye. Abiru bari ku ruhande rwa Rutarindwa barapfuye. Abayobotse Musinga ntibapfa.
  • Numva ngo wabaye adiministarteri i bwami? Ese ibiro byabagamo abakozi bangahe? Imirimo yawe yari iyihe?
  • Icyo gihe twari twaraganjwe mwana wa. Abakozi bari bake. Imirimo yari nk’uko usanga inzego zitandukanye ziriho ubu. Habaga umwami, hakaba abashefu, abasushefu bikagera ku rugo aho umugabo yari ashinzwe gushakira umuryango we imibereho yaronka bikamenywa n’umugore. Erega u Rwanda rwa kera rwari rukomeye mbere y’abazungu. Rwari rufite imiyoborere yarwo nk’uko muri Kongo, Ubugande n’ahandi hose bari bafite uburyo babayeho ukwabo. Abanyarwanda bagiraga umuco umwe, bakabandwa, bagaterekera…
  • Ese kubandwa no guterekera bitandukaniye he?
  • Kubandwa ni nko kubatizwa. Guterekera ni ya migenzo yo kwambaza abakurambere, gutanga ibitambo…
  • Numva ngo Musinga yarabyemeraga cyane.
  • Musinga bamucira i Kamembe nari nkiri muto
  • Wavutse ryari?
  • Mu 1922
  • Ukomoka he?
  • Hari i Nyanza, hafi yo kwa Rudahigwa ho gatoya.
  • i Mwima?
  • Eeeh mu Rukari aho.
  • Waje kwiga?
  • Ibyo se ko byaje nyuma…
  • Iyo umwiru yamenaga amabanga y’ibwami byangenda bite?
  • Yaricwaga! None se ko yabaga yaranyohe igihango arahira ko atazigera amena ibanga keretse umwami amuhaye uruhushya akanamubwira uwo azaribwira. Uwo akitwa umwiru w’ibwami.
  • Ese ubundi igihango ni iki?
  • Ni ibintu by’imiti bavugutaga umuntu akanywa akavuga ko namena ibanga kizamwica.
  • Nari nzi ko ari kwa kundi abantu bikebaga bakanywa amaraso…
  • Ibyo ni ukunywana.
  • Abantu bamenyaga ko kanaka ari umwiru se?
  • Yego.
  • Ubwo se nta bantu wenda bamushakishaga bashaka amabanga wenda…
  • Umva re! Cyane. Siyo mpamvu yanywaga igihango se!
  • Hari uwo cyishe se?
  • Ni nka kwa kundi abantu bizera Imana bakumva ko nibakora nabi bazajya i kuzimu.
  • Ko wabaye umugaragu wa Rudahigwa na Kigeli, ubona ari nde wari ufite ubwenge kurusha undi?
  • Bose bari babufite. Ntibari abami b’u Rwanda se?
  • Hari amabanga bagusigiye ngo uzatubwire se?
  • Nyakubwire ngo bazuke se? Barapfuye. Ngiryo ibanga! Umva Kigeli twarabanye mujyana muri Amerika muri 1992, tuba i Burayi turazenguruka ejo bundi njya gucyura umugogo. Ibyabo byajyanye nabo.
  • Nta bandi biru bariho se?
  • Simbizi. Ubwiru se barabuzi? Babanye n’umwami se?
  •  Hanyuma wambwira uko amadini yadutse mu Rwanda, nuko wahisemo kuba umudive aho kuba umugaturika?
  • Keretse uje ukamara icyumweru ni bwo wabyumva neza. Ngo mpitamo? Ntacyo twahisemo, twaraganjwe, turategekwa turayoboka umuco ucika utyo. Abazungu baje ku bwa Rwabugili. Baza bakuraho ibyacu bashyiraho ibyabo. Abanyarwanda bacaga umugani ngo “Mwimuke cyangwa umuyoboke!” naho ubundi arakwica. Ntitwari tuzi guhunga. Ubwo twarayobotse.
  • Ntabakomeje kubikora bwihishwa se?
  • Ntabo. None ko uwabikomezaga abazungu bamufungaga, bakamwica urumva ari nde wari kubikomeza?
  • Rudahigwa atanga u Rwanda akaruha Kristu, ngo abanyarwanda bakoze ibirori by’iminsi itatu. Numva ari nkaho bishimiye kuba akirisitu.
  • Umva! Twari twaraganjwe. Rudahigwa aha u Rwanda Kristu yabikoze abitegetswe n’abazungu. Ntacyo twahisemo. Duheruka ubwigenge abazungu bataraza. Bagira batya bashyiraho Kayibanda, abatutsi batangira kuvuga igikiga kandi mbere yaho abahutu bifuzaga kuvuga nk’abatutsi. Abantu batangira kwiga igifaransa, ubu ni icyongereza none byose byarivanze. Ugasanga uriya Rucagu… hari imipira mbona yanditseho ngo intore zatojwe… intore ntitozwa irigishwa. Hatozwa inka, inkoko, ingagi. Waje umbaza iby’u Rwanda rwa kera, byari ibihimbano! Kubandwa no guterekera byari ukwihimbira ariko icyo nshimira abakera nuko bavugashaga ukuri. Mu byo bakoraga byose bageraga aho bavuga bati “Ni ah’Imana.” Umuntu akarwara, bagakora ibyo bakora babona agiye gupfa bati “Ni ah’Imana.” Abanyarwanda bageze aho iy mana bayita abana babo. Ngo “Hatangimana, Harerimana…”
  • Nari nzi ko ari abahutu bayitaga abana babo gusa
  • Oya. Abanyarwanda baba abahutu, abatutsi, abatwa bitwaga ayo mazina nk’uko abazungu bita ababo za “Dieudonné.” Uzi ko n’abagiriki bazwi ho kuba abantu ba mbere batekerezaga… ni bo babyikaga bagatekereza bati ese ko izuba rirasira hino rikarengera hirya buri munsi amasaha adahinduka ni bite? Bageze aho bibaza ku mana, bashinga ahantu ho gusengera bati aha ni ah’Imana itazwi. Iyo mana abanyarwanda bavugaga batazi, iyo yari yarayobeye abagiriki narayimenye. Nta handi iri hatari muri Bibiriya.
  • Ariko Bibiriya yazanywe n’abo bazungu batuganje. Nibwira ko Rudahigwa aha u Rwanda Kristu Mwami hari amasezerano yashyizweho umukono na kiriziya abaha ubutaka butari buto mu gihugu dore ko batunze bwinshi muri Afurika. Nta uyobewe ko Vatican ari imbaraga za politike.
  • Umva wivanga administration n’Imana. Amasezerano y’iki? Abazungu barategekaga, tukayoboka. Icyo nkubwira ni uko n’abanyarwanda bari bazi ko hejuru y’umwami hari imbaraga zirenze. Bati “Nyakugirimana.” Bari bazi ko n’umwami abeshejweho n’iyo mana. Bamwe bati ni Mungu, abandi bayita Dieu, abanyamerika bati ni God, abagande bati ni Katonda.
  • Ese abanyarwanda ntibyababereye urujijo kuba icyo bumvaga ko ari Imana cyaje gifite indi sura?
  • Ndakubwira ko twarozwe. Twigishishwe nabi. Abazungu baraturoze natwe turarogana. Hari benshi nayobeje mu gihe cy’imywaka 60 mbabwira ibitari byo nibwira ko ari ukuri.
  • Ni iki wababwiraga?
  • Ko Imana yapfuye. Imana irapfa se? Yhuuuuu!! Ubu namenye ukuri abatega isi batazi. Ubu ndi hejuru ya ba Rudahigwa, Kigeli, Kagame, Trump… Ndi hafi y’Imana. Ubu ni ko kuri nigisha.
  • Ibyo ari byo byose imyizere ya kera yari igamije icyiza.
  • Uvuze ikintu cyiza. Yari igamije icyiza ariko harimo ikibi. Hari umukrisitu utifuza kudakora icyaha se? Hanyuma se? Ntibirangira yacumuye?
  • Ubu ntugikora icyaha?
  • Keretse iyo ngomye. Ariko namenye aho ugera kugira ngo ntukore icyaha.
  • Waje umbaza ibya kera, ariko banza umenye amateka y’isi n’ibindi byose uzabimenya. Imana yaremye adamu na Eva, satani irabashuka baracumura, babyara ibigoryi. Aho ni ho byapfiriye.
  • Satani ntiyaremwe n’Imana se?
  • Ibyo birakurenze. Ahubwo hari ukuntu yacengeye ijijisha abantu ubu bazi ko umuntu yaturutse ku mpunyu. Ariko uranyumvira abazungu di?
  • Nibwira ko niba ari uko nabo ari ho bakomoka. Uretse ko nzi ko abanyarwanda ba kera bizeraga ukundi. Hari ibyo numvise bita ibimanuka…
  • Ni ibihimbano! Ibyo bya Gihanga… byo ni ibihimbano. Ariko ibihimbano byabo nk’uko n’abandi bihimbiye ibyabo. Ukuri kuri muri Bibiliya gusa.
  • Ariko hari ibindi bitabo bitari…
  • Ni ibihimbano!! Ibindi byose ni imvange! Njye naravanguye.
  • Nganga… nakwigishije nawe genda usangize bagenzi ibyo wize.
  • Murakoze cyane.

The Expericment Film

I have been conflicted since the film was completed. My friend Isumbabyose, the brain behind this documentary, and I had many conversations regarding its release. Initially he made a 10min version hoping to raise interest about the full film and maybe generate some income from it but at the same time the purpose of the film is to educate about what it is to be an artist in a system that does not value arts. I’ve been working hard, pushing the envelope as much as I could but still it seems like we have many years to go. We need people who see the potential in the arts to make it an industry. Right now I feel it’s important that I share with the world today and the next about what I have learned as an independent artist and cultural entrepreneur in Rwanda. To be honest I am worried about the future of the arts in this country. The present is already a mess but I have hope that every blue moon generations will rise to the challenges.
This film is personal journey that I hope will shed light on issues that we do not talk about publicly as artists because we have a “reputation” to protect. So please let’s all learn together and figure out ways that may work for those kids who are talented but have no platform. If anything, tell them I tried and that I care about them.

Intore Mugemana

Mwima i Nyanza, Amajyepfo

Twaganiriye tubuguza. Nizaniye igisoro.

– Muzehe uzi kubuguza?
– Cyane.
– Ngaho rero. Turebe aho twicara. Ese utu dusoro tuvahe?
– Hari igiti tweraho ndaza kukwereka.
– Dutangire ikiganiro rero. Witwa nde? Wavutse ryari?
– Nitwa Mugemana Felix. Navutse mu 1948.
– Hanyuma ibintu bijyanye no gutarama, ubusizi hari ibyo uzi?
– Nzi gutarama cyane. Sinzi kuririmba cyangwa kuvuga imivugo ariko nzi kubyina.
– Oh! Mbwira hari ubwoko bungahe bw’imbyino?
– Ni bwinshi. Biterwa n’akarere. Hari imbyino z’i Nyanza, za Rwamagana, z’i Gisenyi… hakabaho imihamirizo itandukanye nk’inshohozabahizi, Ruhame, Indangamyambi, Ibihogo, Ikinani… imbyino zari nyinshi.
– Ibi ni ibintu byahozeho?
– Yee niko byahozeho. Akarere n’imbyino yako, akarere n’imbyino bityo bityo.
– Gutarama byaje bite?
– Byaturutse i bwami. Hari igihe cyageraga bagatumira abantu gutaramira umwami. Ubwo tukabyina ku ndirimbo nka za Benimana, za Bagorebeza, za Mugabutema, za Mpundu…
– Ese ubwo mwaherega he muvuga muti uburyo bwo kubyina ni ubu cyangwa ubu? Mwari mufite abatoza bahimbaga imbyino?
– Cyane!
– Naganiriye n’abatwa ejo bundi bambwira ko bahimbaga imbyino n’indirimbo abandi bakazibatwara bakazigira izabo. Ese ni byo?
– Yego. Kera iyo wabonaga imbyino ahantu warayikoperaga ukayifata. Uretse ko imudiho wa Gisenyi utari nk’uwa hano i Nduga cyangwa uwa Kibungo. Mw’itorero ry’igihugu rero izo mbyino zaturukaga hose tukaziga tukazifata. Tukamara ameze arenga atatu twitoza.
– Eh! Bivuze ko ari wo murimo wari ubatunze?
– Cyane.
– Wagiye mw’itorero ry’igihugu?
– Yego guhera mu 1973 kugeza mu 2009.
– Wagiyemo ufite imyaka ingahe?
– Nari ndangije primaire. Nari mfite 13. Natojwe na Shamukiga uriya… na Bwanakweli. Nza kuba intore rero njya mu Rukerereza. Ariko mbere twabanje kuba mu ntore zo mu kabagari zitwaga Indatirwabahizi muri za 59, 60, 61.
– Jya numva Bwanakweli bamuvuga cyane. Ibigwi bye ni ibihe?
– Yari azi kubyina cyane. Akavuza n’amakondera kwa Rudahigwa mw’itorero ryitwaga ishyaka. Habagamo ba Bwanakweli, ba Bunungu, ba Rusengamihigo, ba Semusambi, ba Rutaganda. Uwo ni se wa perezida Kagame. Yari azi guhamiriza cyane rwose. Hakabamo na Butera bwa Nturo ya Nyirimigabo. Yarahamirizaga bimwe bya sana. Cyane! Abo nibo niganaga nkiri muto. Ubwo umwami amaze gutanga nibwo Bwanakweli yasubiye mu Kabagali akora itorero ry’igihugu ryitwaga Urukererereza muri 73.
– Mbere yaho nta torero ry’igihugu ryabagaho?
– Ndibwirako habaye irushanwa kugira ngo winjire mu Rukerereza?
– Cyane. Hari itorero ryo ku Gisenyi ryitwaga Inkomezakurinda, hakaba irindi torero ryo ku gikongoro, irindi i Butare kuri musée. Tuzaguhurira i Kigali. Turarushanwa bikomeye cyane kugira ngo hanoneke itorero rizaserukira igihugu mu mahanga. Turahamiriza itorero ryacu riba irya mbere tujya mu Butaliyani.
– Eh! Aho ni ryari?
– Muri 1972. Tujyana a Shamukiga na Bwanakweli. Tuvuyeyo nibwo bafashe ababyinnyi mu gihugu hose bakora ballet national. Ubwo tujya mu bu Biligi, tujya mu Bwongereza, mu Budage, mu Bushinwa, muri Koreya…
– Mwari bangahe?
– Twari 25. Ubundi bafataga abantu batarenze 30.
– Mwagiyeyo kangahe?
– Kenshi cyane. Nagiye mu bihugu birenze makumyabiri na…
– Ese iri torero ry’urukerereza ririho ni rya rindi rya kera bakomerejeho cyangwa ni rishyashya?
– Ni rishyashya.
– Ubona babyina bate?
– Reka nta kigenda.
– Barabura iki?
– Umuco. Ubu ubona babyina tamporene (ndakeka ko yashatse kuvuga contemporaine). Ubundi kera waramburaga amaboko ugahamiriza, bakavuza amakondera, abakobwa bakabyina bigaragara ko ari iby’i Rwanda. Ariko ubu ntiwamenya ibyo ari byo. Yewe usanga bagenda batoranya bahera ku bo baziranye cyangwa bafitanye isano. Si ubuhanga bakurikiza. Ufite mwene wabo akamuha umwanya bityo bityo. Mbere ubuhanga ni bwo bwakujyanaga aho ugiye.
– Ubundi intore yambaraga iki? Yabaga ifite iki?
– Ku mutwe yambaraga umugara. Hariho igikubwe cy’umugara.
– Ni ka kandi gatatse?
– Yee. Mu gituza akambara inkomo. Akongeraho ibihagatiro. Agafata ingabo ibumoso, icumu iburyo, agakenyera inkindi hasi akambara inzongera.
– Amacumu yari nyayo?
– Yee yari ay’ibyuma.
– Eh! Bivuze ko mwitozaga ku buryo nta ukora ibitandukanye kuko yashoboraga gukomeretsa umuntu?
– Cyane. Nyuma ni bwo twaje gukoresha ay’ibiti.
– Inkindi zabaga zikoze mu ki?
– Twe twambaraga iz’ingwe.
– Ingwe nyayo?
– Yeee nyayo. Noneho bigera igihe twambara uruhu rw’imondo.
– Aya mayugi wayaguze angahe?
– Nayaguze 15000Frw mu 1991.
– Eh!! Yari menshi cyane icyo gihe. Ni nde wayakoraga? Ndabona ari meza cyane. Ni uruhu rwiza rukomeye. Warikokoye. Ni nk’uko ubu umuririmbyi agura gitari ndakeka.
– Eeh.
– Ese ubona bizagaruka bigasubira ku murongo nka kera?
– Cyane. Bizagaruka rwose. Ubu ndigisha. Mfite itorero ry’abana bashoboye. Ariko rwose intore za kera si zo z’ubu.
– Ku myitwarire no mu mico ubona intore z’ubu zitwara zite?
– Ubundi intore wabaga ari umutwe ukundana cyane ku buryo utapfa kuzimeneramo zateranye. Intore zirakundana cyane. Zigashyira hamwe.
– Abo mwabyinanye kera baracyariho?
– Hasigaye batatu.
– Mujya muhura mugatarama? Ni gake ariko iyo bibaye turaryoshya.
– Wanshyiriraho akadiho se?
– Cyane rwose.


Ku Bisoro bya Ruganzu II Ndoli i Kiyanja, Amajyepfo

Kaberuka– Ese muzehe Kaberuka wavutse ryari?
– Navutse muri 46.
– Hari amateka ya Ruganzu wandusha se?
– Yewe naba nkubeshya mwana wa!
– Ukuntu yari igihangange ntawabibabwiraga habe no mu migani? 
– None se ko nabyirutse abashaka ko amateka y’iyubwami asibangana nari kubibwirwa na nde?
– Nta basizi se mwandusha nibura ngo numve niba biri mu ndirimbo?
– Abaririmba ko baririmba iby’amadini se…
– Ubu se abana bacu tuzababwira iki?
– Yewe dore na njye mbuze icyo nkubwira.


Bweramvura bwa Kinihira, Amajyepfo


– Ese musaza Njunga ufite imyaka ingahe?
– Va kuri ibyo, umva! Inzara ya mbere yabaye mu Rwanda ni Rumanura hari mu 1918. Iyo narayibariwe. Iya kabiri yitwaga Gakwege. Hari mu 1928. Naragiraga inyana na sogokuruza wawe. Nyuma haza Ruzagayura. Iza ifite icyivugo. Ngo “Narishe ariko nyirabicucu yarananiye”
– Nyirabicu…??
– Uwo ni uwari ufite inka.
– Ruzagayura yo ni iya Ryari?
– Yabaye hagati y’1941 n’1945. Icyo gihe nari muri Zayire nkora mu makawa hepfo ya za Masisi.